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Mass DOE Frameworks

United States History II ~ Modern American History

Primary Source Documents
The State of Massachusetts has crafted a set curriculum framework upon which history courses, including the US History classes, should be based. Included in the state frameworks are "seminal primary documents" to either "read" or "consider." The following is a list of those documents, separated by those students are required to "read" and those students are only asked to "consider," along with weblinks if the document is available online.

US History II Primary Source Documents
Required Reading

US History II Primary Source Documents
Documents To Consider
  • Younghill Kang, East Goes West (1937)
  • Booker T. Washington, The Atlanta Exposition Address (1895), and the Niagara Movement Declaration of Principles (1905)
  • Justice Robert M. Jackson's opinion for the Supreme Court in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943) and Learned Hand's The Spirit of Liberty (1944)
  • President Ronald Reagan, Speech at Moscow State University (1988)